See also: KNMI Climate Explorer ICA&D UERRA project
 
 

Countries > Country info > Country meta data

 
 

Country meta data

  SPAIN


Availability of station meta data

Out of 224 stations,

- all stations have coordinates

- all stations have elevation

- 108 stations have a description of land use

- 86 stations have a specified soil type

- 101 stations have a surface cover description

- 130 stations have additional remarks

- 91 stations have a picture of the measurement location

Available series

An overview of all available daily series for stations in SPAIN can be found in the Data dictionary.

Participants who provided data for this country

Name

Affiliation

City, country

# Series

Antonio Mestre Barcelo

Agencia Estatal de Meteorologia, AEMET

Madrid, Spain

52 %

Marc Prohom

Meteorological Service of Catalonia

Barcelona, Spain

34 %

EMULATE project

Climatic Research Unit

Norwich, United kingdom

5 %

STARDEX project

Climatic Research Unit

Norwich, United kingdom

4 %

Jose Rocha Fernandes

Ministerio da agricultura

Senhora da Hora, Portugal

2 %

GSN network

World Meteorological Organization

Geneva, Switzerland

1 %

GHCND

National Climatic Data Center

Asheville, United states

1 %

MEDARE Initiative

WMO / University Rovira i Virgili

Tarragona, Spain

< 1 %

Record highs and lows

Lowest minimum temperature

29 Jan 1952

   Molina de Aragon

-24.8

°C

Highest minimum temperature

9 Jul 1988

   Jaen

35.6

°C

Lowest maximum temperature

4 Feb 2012

   Certascan

-19.6

°C

Highest maximum temperature

19 Aug 1982

   Rota

47.2

°C

Highest precipitation amount

24 Nov 1968

   IZANA

296.6

mm

Homogeneity test results

The table below shows the number of stations classified as either "Useful" or "Doubtful" (left number) in relation to the total number of station series having sufficient data (right number) for segments of the blended series at each station within fixed time periods. A description of the homogeneity tests that have been applied is given in Project Info > ATBD.

Cloud cover

Precipitation

Pressure

Temperature

Humidity

Wind

Sunshine

1851-2016

9 / 9

0 / 4

0 / 8

1901-1950

23 / 25

4 / 6

2 / 24

1901-2016

1 / 2

35 / 41

3 / 8

1 / 37

0 / 2

0 / 2

2 / 5

1951-1978

13 / 22

91 / 92

22 / 35

19 / 80

10 / 22

21 / 30

47 / 61

1951-2016

31 / 69

82 / 92

44 / 77

7 / 89

12 / 54

37 / 81

27 / 73

1979-2016

59 / 92

111 / 115

77 / 102

23 / 112

38 / 98

56 / 101

30 / 97

Extreme events affecting SPAIN

- Heat wave in Central and Western Europe, Summer 2003

- Heat and drought in Southern Europe, Summer 2005

- Mild winter of 2007

- Cold in Central and Western Europe, Winter 2009

- Cold in Europe, Winter 2010

- Severe winter storm in Europe: Xynthia, Winter 2010

Feedback and contact information

ECA&D Project Team
Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI)

P.O. Box 201
3730 AE De Bilt
The Netherlands
e-mail: eca@knmi.nl
fax: + 31 30 2204614